LOCAL AREA FACTS
Wexford territory was organized by the State Legislature in April
1840 under the name of Kautawaubet (Broken Tooth).
Three years later the name Wexford was designated, with the first
settler in 1863.
The growth and development of early Wexford County was based on the
logging industry and continued as long as the supply of pine and
127 Beach Street
Who Discovered The Anishinabeg
Kitche Manitou's vision woe the creation of man, and so, the world of
the Anishinabeg were discovered in (986 A.D.) by "Bjarni Herjolfson",
a Norse merchant who sailed to Iceland and was blown off course.
Reported this to Eirek Thorvaldason (Erick The Red) in the year 1000
"Anishinabeg" migrated to the West after a great many deaths due to
white man diseases. The Indians journey West on the St. Lawrence
River of the eastern seaboard to the North shore of Lake Huron to
Sault Ste. Marie.
The Anishinabeg: Became The Ojibwa, Ottawa and Potawatomi. Indian
Lore by E.W. Lamb and L.W. Shultz.
Sacajawea -"Bird Woman":Woman guide to Lewis and Clark expedition
A woman with a party of men is a token of peace.
The Nortwest Terrioral Government - 1787
The Confederate Congress - July 13, 1787
An ordinance for the Government of the territory at the United States
Northwest at the River Ohio.
....The utmost good faith shall always be observed toward the
Indians; their land and property shall never be taken from them
without their consent; and in their property rights, and liberty they
never shall be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars.
Authorized by Congress; but was founded in justice and humanity
shall, from time to time, be made, for preventing wrongs done to
them, and for preserving peace and friendship with them.
Calligrapher Carolyn Teremi
Indian Tribes In Michigan
Anishinabeg-"First or Original Man" - Bjarni Herjolf 986-1000A.D.
Ojibwa -"Those Who Draw Pictures"
Chippewa - Same people above: "To Pucker Up Moccain"
Ottawa -"Traders Of Michigan:
Potawatomi - Makers Of The Fire", Michigan Indian St., Joseph River
These above are people of the Three Fires.
Sauk an Fox (Algonquian) - "People Of The Outlet".
Allies to Brigdere General Shonnie Indian.
Tecumseh - Led by Black Hawk in 1831-2, before statehood in
Michigan in 1836.
Indian Gifts To The White Man
Chocolate (Candy Bars, Hershey's)
Diagram of ring of stones
Archaeologists believe the circle of boulders that is located on
Beaver Island might be a primitive calendar that allowed Indians to
track the movement of the sun and determine the growing seasons.
Many Indians believe the circle also has spiritual significance. The
center boulder contains a hole that may have held a post, possibly
serving as a sundial. The largest boulder in the circle is the
eastern rock, which archaeologists say may line up with the rising
sun at the seasonal equinoxes. The circle, similar in concept to
Britain's Stonehenge, would be, if verified, the only one of its kind
found in the Great Lakes Region.